The Troodos is a massif of eroded igneous rock dissected by steep valleys covered with stands of pine, cypress, dwarf oak, and cedar, now protected as state forests; its peaks are snow-clad from December to March.
This region is characterized by one of the largest groups of churches and monasteries of the former Byzantine Empire.
The highest peak of Troodos is Mount Olympus which is 1,952 meters high.
There are many interesting places to visit in Troodos including valleys, mountain villages and Byzantine monasteries and churches some of which are included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Weather in Troodos is very different from the rest of the island.
Due to the considerable elevation above the sea level and its inland location, it differs from the weather in other places by much lower temperatures and significant amount of precipitation.
With every 1,000 meters temperature drops by about 5°C meaning that the difference between temperatures on the lowlands and at the Olympus peak is about 10°C.
In the hottest months of July and August temperatures reach on average 28°C at midday and in the coldest months of January and February it is just 6°C-7°C at daytime.
The night temperature differs from daytime temperatures by about 5°C-6°C in winter and 10°C in summer.
December sees the most precipitation with 170 mm of rainfall.
In winter some areas of the Troodos mountain range are covered with snow.