The scholar Nie Jing-Bao explains that these laws were relaxed in the late 1950s and early 1960s with the intent of reducing the number of deaths and lifelong injuries women sustained due to illegal abortions as well as serving as a form of population control when used in conjunction with birth control.It is argued that sex-selective abortion continues to be one of the key factors in the notably imbalanced sex-ratio in China, as the imbalance cannot be explained solely by the underreporting of female births or by excess female infant mortality.
The draft was not used for the Gulf War or the War on Terrorism. S., who are 18 through 25, are required to register with the Selective Service.
The information below is available in more detail at Selective Service System. Registration is required by law, and there are legal consequences for failing to register.
The obligation of a man to register is imposed by the Military Selective Service Act. In most cases, these apply to men born after December 31, 1959.
The importance of abortions as a family planning tool is evident through the extensive implementation of medical abortions (abortion induced by pills, which can be performed in early pregnancy) in China.
In fact, such abortions were legalized in China in 1988, earlier than any other place and are already produced in a large scale in China for many years.
The armed forces of the United States maintain their readiness through voluntary enlistment, but the law requires young men to register through the Selective Service System.This allows a draft to be activated if needed, as was used during the Vietnam War.except in cases of sex-selective abortion, however it still is one of the reason of women's requests.In addition to virtually universal access to contraception, abortion was a common way for China to contain its population in accordance with its one-child policy.In the early 1950s, the Chinese government made abortion illegal save when 1) the mother had a preexisting condition, such as tuberculosis or pernicious anemia, that would cause the pregnancy to be a threat to the mother's life; 2) when traditional Chinese medicine could not settle an overactive fetus and spontaneous abortion was expected; and 3) when the mother had already undergone two or more Caesarean sections.In 19, the law was extended to include other pre-existing illnesses and disabilities, such as hypertension and epilepsy, as well as allowed women working in certain types of occupations to qualify.