The word "Angola" derives from the title used by the rulers of the Ndongo state.
Angola borders Namibia to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Zambia to the east, and the Republic of Congo to the north.
The oil-rich enclave of Cabinda lies north of the Zaire river. Because of the ongoing war, it is difficult to obtain reliable population figures.
Also, the numbers fluctuate as people attempt to flee when the fighting is intense and return when the fighting has calmed down.
It is difficult to obtain reliable information because the war precludes research in many areas. Angola is a country of 482,625 square miles (approximately 1.25 million square kilometers) in western Africa, south of the Equator.
There are great variations in climate and geography, including rain forests in the north, drier coastal lands, the fertile central highlands, sandy soils in the east, and desert zones in the Kunene (Cuene) and Kuando Kubango provinces.
Apart from large rivers such as the Zaire, Kwanza (Cuanza), Kunene, Kubango (Cubango), Zambezi, and Kuando, there are many smaller rivers, some of which are not perennial.
The climate is characterized by a rainy season and a dry season whose timing and intensity differ in the various regions.
These plans materialized slowly; not until the beginning of the twentieth century did Portuguese colonialism reach the borders of present-day Angola.
In 1975, this area became an independent country under the name República Popular de Angola (People's Republic of Angola). Angola may not classify as either a country or a culture.
Since 1961, war has destroyed cultural institutions, forced people to flee, and divided the territory between the belligerent.
Thus one cannot speak of a single national culture.