SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: plural abaci, abacuses CATEGORY: structure DEFINITION: In architecture, a crowning rectangular block or topmost stone on the cap of a pillar or column capital, providing support to an architrave or arch.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: Egyptian alabaster CATEGORY: geology DEFINITION: A term used by Egyptologists for a type of white, semi-transparent or translucent, stone used in statuary, vases, sarcophagi, and architecture.
It is a form of limestone (, a main source being Hatnub, southeast of el-Amarna.
The sarcophagi of Seti I (British Museum) is a fine example.
An alabaster (also alabastron or alabastrum) is also the name of a small vase or jar for precious perfumes or oils made of this material.
It was often globular with a narrow mouth and often without handles.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: modern Albe CATEGORY: site DEFINITION: An ancient fortified Roman colony, at the foot of Mount Velino, Italy.
It was originally a town of the ancient Marsi people, but was occupied by Latin colonists c 302-303 .
The Abbasids' settlement in Baghdad marked the beginning of the golden age of Arabic literature.
The Abbasids, of great intellectual curiosity, adapted elements of earlier high cultures and incorporated them into their own.